“Hydroponics” comes from the ancient Greek term, “hydros,” referring to water, and “ponos,” referring to work. It is sometimes mistakenly referred to as aquaculture, or aquiculture, although these two terms have practically nothing to do with gardening.
As the planet’s population increases and suitable land for crop production decreases, hydroponics will give us a kind of lifeline, allowing us to produce crops in greenhouses or in multilevel areas built for agriculture.
Hydroponics can be defined as a process where plant is grown in a water-based solution that is infused with nutrients. Hydroponics does not involve soil; instead, its root system is supported with perlite, rockwool, peat moss, vermiculite or any suitable inert medium. The whole idea behind hydroponics is to have the plants roots come directly in contact with the nutrient solution, while remaining exposed to oxygen, a critical requirement for optimum plant growth.
In any case, it’s good to learn as much as you can about hydroponics before starting your garden.
Advantages of Hydroponics
Hydroponics offers plenty of advantages, the most important being a significantly higher rate of plant growth. With the correct setup, your plants will be mature up to 25% sooner and give you a yield as much as 30% more than plants grown in soil can give you.
This is mainly because the plants will not have to work as hard to get the nutrients they need. Even a small root system will give the plant everything it needs, so the plant can focus more on growing upward rather than expanding the root system downward.
This, however, calls for effective control of your nutrient solution, including its pH levels. As well, a hydroponic system calls for less water compared to soil-based plants since the system is enclosed, which means there is less evaporation. And of course, hydroponics is better for the environment, thanks to its reduced waste and pollution coming from soil runoff.
Why Use Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is a good choice for growers of all types. That’s because you can precisely control the variables that are involved in your plants’ growth. If you do your hydroponic system right, you can naturally expect a much greater amount of yielded and higher quality produce too compared to soil-based produce.
If you dream of growing the largest, juiciest, tastiest plants, hydroponics is surely for you. It does seem intimidating at first when you think of all that equipment and work required, but once you get the hang of it, you will find that it’s actually easier than you thought. The secret is to arm yourself with as much knowledge as you can get, both from reading and from talking to an expert.